The war against plastic started around 50 years ago. Even back then people realized that it is one of the most dangerous types of waste we produce. Now we see more and more policies being introduced all over the planet to reduce our consumption and to penalize its use. The bad effects can be seen in our daily lives and something has to be done. There are many people and governments that are fighting for this but not many people fully understand why plastic is so harmful. We have listed some of the main reasons why plastic debris is ruining the planet in order to help you better understand this danger.
Danger to Marine Life
Principally, large amounts of plastic waste hurts marine life by interfering with the normal life of these species. We have seen countless cases of fish and water mammals that have choked to death on bottles or straws. In other cases, we have seen plastic pile up on the beaches where many sea birds have their nesting areas. This is a tragedy because there are more and more endangered species every year due to our lack of understanding and respect for nature.
Waves of floating garbage also hinders small fish from following their usual migration routes. This interferes with the normal ocean ecosystem and leads to the death of many other species that are dependent to these small types of fish.
Another type of plastic that is actually harming us directly is micro plastic. These are a type of sphere commonly found in cosmetic products all over the world and that, more often than not, end up in the water. They are very bad because they are ingested directly by fish and other types of water species. As they can’t be digested, they end up in the flesh of these species, and then on our plates. Curiously, these particles are also found in the air; from evaporated water or thrown up from large dumping grounds and they are one of the main reasons for airway irritations in urban areas. In fact, they are the source of the worst lung and airway irritation by any allergen and are particularly dangerous for children.
Plastic is also extremely toxic. It is produced artificially and is well-known as a magnet for other toxic compounds. Once in the water, it slowly decomposes releasing potent toxins that are very harmful for the fish and other smaller marine wildlife that are crucial to the well-being of our ecosystem. Whether in the soil or on the ground, the effect is the same – plastic causes plants to stop growing and so no matter where it is dumped, the impact is disastrous to say the least.
This material is a source of toxins that is slowly poisoning the marine life. We can see this in the deaths of various animals and the rising sea temperatures. Pieces of this non-biodegradable material are some of the deadliest types of waste found in the water, directly interfering with marine life and killing our precious seas.